Volume 4   Number 1      Fall 2010

On Social-Cognitive and Dialogical Models of Personality: Theoretical and
Empirical Steps toward an Integrative View
Daniel Cervone
E. Samuel Winer
University of Illinois at Chicago
pp. 5-22   (pdf)

ABSTRACT. Social-cognitive and dialogical perspectives are two of the primary ways of conceptualizing persons in contemporary psychology.  The present paper endeavors, in two ways, to advance a dialogue between these theoretical viewpoints.  At the level of theory, we explore issues for which social-cognitive and dialogical analyses may be mutually complementary.  Regarding empirical research, we report novel analyses of a dataset involving idiographic measures of self-knowledge and self-efficacy appraisals.  Results of this analysis indicate that variations in the complexity of dialogues in which people describe their personal attributes predict item-to-item statistical variance on a multidomain self-efficacy measure.  We conclude with a discussion of how methodological advances may help to link the knowledge structures studied in social-cognitive theory to the discursive processes studied by narrative and dialogical theorists.