Volume 4   Number 2     Winter 2010

Looking at Oneself as Inner Dialogue

Dmitry A. Leontiev
Anastasia Salikhova
Moscow State University, Russia

pp. 95-104
ABSTRACT. The authors investigate from the theoretical and empirical viewpoints the varieties of self-reflection, that is, directing one’s mind to oneself. The theoretical model describes systemic reflection (looking at oneself from aside) as distinct from mere introspection. An empirical study based on writing brief essays “I look at myself from aside…” with subsequent expert coding revealed four empirical types of self-descriptions that correspond well to the theoretical model. True inner dialogue unfolds only in the case of systemic self-reflection, when self-detachment is combined with self-involvement. Construct validity of the scheme is proven through the analysis of correlations and comparison of different samples of participants